Acting Head: Martin Hardwick
Home Page: http://www.cs.rpi.edu/
Computer science is the study of the design, analysis, communication, implementation, and application of computational processes. The core subjects of this discipline include software systems (such as operating systems and networks) and programming languages (including design and other language translation tools). They also include computer hardware systems, the design and analysis of data structures and algorithms, and the theoretical basis of computation, in particular the complexity of computation. In addition to these core subjects, various application areas are open to students, including artificial intelligence, computer graphics, databases, scientific and numeric computation, computer vision, data mining, robotics, computational finance, and social networking.
At Rensselaer, education in computer science prepares students for solving applied, real-world problems and for conducting research in computer science. The program provides students with a solid grounding in both theory and practice. The undergraduate program also provides a rigorous background in mathematics and science.
Rensselaer’s Computer Science Department has its own well-equipped laboratories for instruction and research. The general use lab in Amos Eaton consists of 20 PCs running Unix. There is also an instructional lab with 32 thin clients as well as a cluster with over 50 PCs and Sun computers. The Cisco Academy program has a lab with over 200 Cisco networking devices, enabling students to experiment with networking in an environment similar to real world conditions.
The department has a number of labs with specialized computer architectures to support the department’s research. Computationally intensive applications benefit from our computing clusters, consisting of more than 300 CPUs. Data intensive research efforts can make use of high speed interconnects utilizing technologies such as Myrinet, Infiniband, or 10Gb Ethernet, as well as file servers with more than 30 terabytes of storage. Combined with numerous specialized equipment for computer vision, robotics and tetherless computing research, the Computer Science Department at Rensselaer offers an ideal environment for students to participate in a variety of research activities.
Students in the department will find 100Mb or faster Ethernet connections in their offices, offering IP and IPv6 connectivity to the Internet and Internet-2. Additionally, our network of over 50 office workstations, numerous printers, file servers, mail servers and Web servers is available to support any computing needs of students and faculty.
Students involved in research can also use specialized computers in other departments, such as high speed graphics workstations, computers for image processing, and massively parallel computers for large scale computation. The most important of these is an IBM Blue Gene supercomputer, which provides more than 70 TeraFLOPS of computing power and is among the fastest supercomputers in the world.
Research Innovations and Initiatives
Bioinformatics is the science of managing, retrieving, analyzing, and interpreting biological data. Research is being carried out on topics such as multiple sequence alignment, sequence assembly, protein and RNA structure prediction, and regulatory networks. Research also spans emerging areas like microarray data analysis, high dimensional indexing, database support, information integration, and data mining.
Current research in computational geometry concentrates on algorithms for the reconstruction of smooth geometric objects from their samples. Problems of interest include characterizing the conditions on sampling density, which allow a curve to be reconstructed from its samples. The reconstruction is homeomorphic and sufficiently close to the original and the algorithms developed to achieve the reconstruction. Also involved are the dependence of such algorithms on the dimension of the embedding space, related algorithms for the reconstruction of surfaces and manifolds, and finding the most concise representation of a manifold in terms of its samples. A second research track focuses on applications of computational geometry, particularly in robotic motion planning.
The faculty and students in the Computer Graphics Research Group are interested in a wide variety of rendering, geometry, simulation, and visualization problems motivated by computer games, special effects in movies, architectural design and pre-visualization, and many other exciting applications. Research topics include physically-based digital sculpting, efficient high-quality photo-realistic rendering, new data representations and algorithms, and the use of modern graphics hardware for interactive applications.
The Computational Finance group applies its research to diverse areas, including computational finance, bioinformatics, networks of social and selfish agents, and design of multi-agent systems.
Computational Science and Engineering
Students and faculty work on computational approaches and algorithms to solve large-scale problems that arise in natural science and engineering. Current research includes adaptive methods for solving partial differential equations, scientific software libraries, algorithms for medical imaging and tomography, high-performance matrix algorithms, computational biology, and algorithms for high-performance, parallel, and distributed computation.
Computer vision research in the Department of Computer Science has shifted to a new emphasis over the past few years. Our focus is now on developing and applying computer vision techniques to address problems in image-based environmental monitoring. Applications include determining the distribution of species and individual animals, identifying the presence of invasive species, and monitoring ecosystem health. Within the context of this important application domain, we are studying a range methods including illumination modeling, segmentation, tracking and, most importantly, recognition.
Data Mining; Machine and Computational Learning; Algorithms for Massive Data Sets
This research area deals with the theoretical and applied aspects of automated information extraction (knowledge discovery) from data. For large data sets, emphasis is placed on developing efficient, scalable, and parallel algorithms for various data mining techniques in addition to the data management itself. Examples include association rules, classification, clustering, and sequence mining. For small data sets, the emphasis is on robust computational learning systems (supervised, unsupervised, and reinforcement) and their theoretical properties. Application areas include combinatorial optimization, computational biology (bioinformatics, computational genomics), web mining, geographic information systems, and computational finance.
Researchers from diverse domains work together to take complex data and transform it in ways that make it usable to a wide variety of scientists, protect it for the long term, and enable it to provide as much knowledge as possible to the scientific community as well as the general public. This is accomplished by adding semantics to data where possible to make it usable to a variety of machines and programs; storing the data in intelligent ways; mining the data to extract as much knowledge as possible from it; building models to represent the structure of the data; and using those models to build simulations and visualizations of the data to display the data in a usable way and predict how the data will change over time.
This research area deals with the efficient and effective methods for storing, querying, analyzing, mining, and maintaining data from possibly disparate and heterogeneous resources. Data is used in many different applications from scientific data sets, sensor data, images, video and audio to hypertext documents, biological data, and data on stock market behavior. Research focuses on methods for caching data, querying large and distributed databases, database mining and supporting applications such as computer-aided design and manufacturing, bioinformatics, and collaborative engineering.
Pervasive and Network Computing
Pervasive computing foresees a world in the not-distant future in which computer systems are embedded in everything: from personal digital assistants to implanted biological devices, to bridge-monitoring systems, and to teams of robots sent into a collapsed building to locate survivors. Untethered—wireless— communication is constant and, in many cases, so automated that human intervention is unneeded. Wireless, broadband community systems inexpensively bring people together for virtual town meetings, video doctor-patient conferences, and on-line business transactions. Computers in automobiles share information on congestion, quickly computing alternate routes. The promises are immense, but the challenges are formidable.
Computer Science faculty cover the broad area of pervasive networking and computing. This research includes investigation of computer networks and their protocols, security of computers and networks and distributed and parallel system optimization and simulations.
Programming Languages and Software Engineering
The Programming Languages and Software Engineering research group investigates programming models, languages, concepts, methodologies, and tools to enable the development of correct, efficient, reliable, and maintainable software.
The primary goal of the field of robotics is to create machines that are physically capable, either alone or in groups, of performing useful tasks, such as the assembly of a car or the picking and washing of fruit. In order to build such robots, robotics research focuses on robot mobility, environmental sensing and perception, the mechanics of manipulation, motion planning and control, and both physical and social aspects of human-robot interaction. The robotics research group studies these problems from theoretical and computational perspectives, and also experimentally in the Computer Science Robotics Lab that is equipped with state-of-the-art equipment.
As semantic technologies have been gaining momentum in various e-Science areas (for example, W3C’s new interest group for semantic web health care and life science), it is important to offer semantic-based methodologies, tools, and middleware to facilitate scientific knowledge modeling, logical-based hypothesis checking, semantic data integration and application composition, integrated knowledge discovery and data analyzing for different e-Science applications. Partially influenced by the Artificial Intelligence community, Semantic Web researchers have largely focused on formal aspects of semantic representation languages or general-purpose semantic application development, with inadequate consideration of requirements from specific science areas.What is required is the development of a multi-disciplinary field to foster the growth and development of e-Science applications based on the semantic technologies and related knowledge-based approaches.
Social and Cognitive Networks
In social and cognitive networks in which people interact over variety of means, the research is focused on studying fundamental properties of networks, the processes underlying their evolution and the paradigms for network engineering to enhance their efficiency, reliability, robustness, and other desirable properties. In particular, the research concentrates on models and algorithms of community creation and evolution, building and measuring trust in social networks, impact of mobility on network formation, dependencies between social, information, and communication networks, spread of opinions and ideologies among network nodes, and cognitive models of net-centric interactions.
Theory of computation provides the foundation needed for effective applications in computer science. The theory group brings together researchers in many different areas to develop novel approaches and solutions to problems in information technology. The theory group research is characterized by close collaboration with researchers in diverse application areas, such as networking; bioinformatics; visualization; pattern recognition, physics and astronomy; digital library; data mining; distributed computing; and experimental algorithmics.
Since its inception the World Wide Web has changed the ways people work, play, communicate, collaborate, and educate. There is, however, a growing realization among researchers across a number of disciplines that without new research aimed at understanding the current, evolving and potential Web, we may be missing or delaying opportunities for new and revolutionary capabilities. To model the Web, it is necessary to understand the architectural principles that have provided for its growth. Looking into the future, to be sure that it supports the basic social values of trustworthiness, personal control over information, and respect for social boundaries, a research agenda must be pursued that targets the Web and its use as a primary focus of attention. This research requires powerful scientific and mathematical techniques from many disciplines to explore the modeling of the Web from network- and information- centric views.
The undergraduate degree program in computer science provides an excellent background for students entering the work force directly upon graduation and for those pursuing graduate studies. Students majoring in computer science may study such topics as artificial intelligence, computer graphics, theory of computation, operating systems, robotics, data mining, databases, network programming, parallel computing, and scientific numerical computing. A graduating computer science major should:
- be an expert software developer, with knowledge of several programming paradigms.
- have a solid understanding of the mathematical/theoretical underpinnings of computer science.
- be able to express himself/herself well both orally and in writing.
- understand current computing technologies and be prepared to quickly adapt to new technological developments.
Dual Major Programs
Computer science students can obtain a dual major with any other major offered on the Rensselaer campus. In many cases, students can obtain a dual major within the 128 credits of a single degree, since many courses can be counted twice. Among the popular majors often combined with computer science are philosophy, mathematics, physics, management, Electronic Media, Arts, and Communication, and engineering (the latter requires additional credits hours).
Students may be admitted to the graduate program in Computer Science when they are within 18 credits of completing their B.S. Students may be able to complete the B.S. and M.S. in a shorter than usual time by using advanced placement credit, taking courses during the summer, or taking extra courses during the academic year. A variety of joint degree programs can be arranged, depending on the student’s background, interests, and desired rate of progress. Any joint degree program requires that the student apply to and be accepted to the graduate program.
Special Undergraduate Opportunities
The Computer Science Department strongly encourages students to take part in the following special programs.
Numerous opportunities exist for computer science majors, and students are urged to pursue at least one co-op experience during the academic career. More detailed information on this program is available in the School of Science introduction section and the Educational Programs and Resources section of this catalog.
Undergraduate Research Program
This program allows students to participate in faculty research activities. The department urges students to take advantage of these opportunities, through which students can earn either pay or course credit.
Additional benefits may include being named co-authors on journal papers or the opportunity to make presentations at professional conferences. Additional information is available in the School of Science introduction section and the Educational Programs and Resources section of this catalog.
Rensselaer Center for Open Source Software
The program provides a creative, intellectual, and entrepreneurial outlet for students to use the latest open-source software platforms to develop applications that solve societal problems. RCOS team members participate in an excellent environment for sharing and practicing programming skills including practice in the code review process. Students can participate in RCOS for course credit or for a stipend. At the beginning of each semester, an Internal Advisory Board reviews project proposals and decides which should receive financial support.
Cisco Networking Academy
The Cisco Networking Academy @ Rensselaer provides extensive hands-on learning in networking. A lab of over 300 routers, switches and wireless devices is one of the largest educational lab environments in the world exclusively reserved for student use. Undergraduates have written labs that have been published and are used in over 160 countries. Through an escalating series of challenges students learn both a sound theoretical foundation and the knowledge necessary to obtain industry certification.
The Department of Computer Science offers M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in computer science. The department also offers a computer science M.S. and Ph.D. with specializations in robotics or in computational science and engineering.
Applications for the M.S. or Ph.D. in computer science should be sent to the Graduate Admissions Office to be received no later than January 1 for fall admission; August 15 for spring admission. Applicants must provide transcripts, two letters of recommendation, a statement of goals, and GRE scores. Each student’s background is expected to include courses in discrete mathematics, calculus, data structures, computer organization, and computing languages, none of which can be counted toward the graduate degree. Admission is extremely competitive, and meeting the minimum requirements does not assure admission.
Courses directly related to all Computer Science curricula are described in the Course Description section of this catalog under the department code CSCI.
Berman, F.—Ph.D. (University of Washington); cyberinfrastructure, data preservation and access, e-science, and high performance and grid computing.
Carothers, C.—Ph.D. (Georgia Institute of Technology); parallel and distributed systems; simulation; networking and real-time systems.
Goldberg, M.K.—Ph.D (Institute of Mathematics, Novosibirsk, Russia); experimental analysis of optimization algorithms; combinatorics and graph theory; applications to social networks.
Hardwick, M.—Ph.D. (Bristol University, U.K.); data modeling for design and manufacturing applications; large scale data management systems for collaborative engineering applications; database systems for engineering and manufacturing applications.
Hendler, J.—Ph.D. (Brown University); artificial intelligence, semantic Web, agent based computing, high performance processing.
McGuinness, D.L.—Ph.D (Rutgers University); knowledge representation and reasoning, explanation, proof, trust, ontologies, semantic Web, semantic eScience, linked data.
Spooner, D.—Ph.D. (Pennsylvania State University); database systems, database security, computer science and information technology education.
Stewart, C.—Ph.D. (University of Wisconsin); data modeling for design and manufacturing applications; large scale data management systems for collaborative engineering applications. computer vision; medical applications.
Szymanski, B.K.—Ph.D. (National Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland); network science, computer and sensor networks; distributed and parallel computing.
Trinkle, J.C.—Ph.D. (University of Pennsylvania); robotics, manufacturing automation, game physics engines, multibody dynamics.robotics, manufacturing automation, game physics engines, multibody dynamics, computational topology, human-machine interaction.
Yener, B.—Ph.D. (Columbia University); complex networks, bioinformatics, medical informatics, security and privacy, computer networks, combinatorial optimization.
Zaki, M.—Ph.D. (University of Rochester); data mining and knowledge discovery; bioinformatics; graph mining; high performance computing.
Myers, J.D.—Ph.D. (University of California, Berkeley); high-performance computing, data-intensive computing, cyberinfrastructure, semantic e-science, community-scale research coordination, e-learning, industrial competitiveness.
Adali, S.—Ph.D. (University of Maryland); trust, social network analysis, information integration, information retrieval, database systems.
Cutler, B.—Ph.D. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology); computer graphics, geometry processing alogithms; and design tools for architecture.
Drineas, P.—Ph.D. (Yale University); design and analysis of algorithms, in particular randomized and approximation algorithms; linear algebra algorithms and their applications in data mining.
Krishnamoorthy, M.S.—Ph.D. (Indian Institute of Technology); programming environments; design and analysis of combinatorial algorithms; performance issues in Internet; analysis of Web documents; network visualization.
Magdon-Ismail, M.—Ph.D. (California Institute of Technology); theory, algorithms and applications of computational learning systems; computational finance; bioinformatics; social and communication network analysis.
Milanova, A.—Ph.D. (Rutgers University) software engineering, programming languages, compilers, program analysis, software testing, verification, reliable software systems.
Varela, C.A.—Ph.D. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign); concurrent programming models and languages, adaptive scalable distributed computing, computational science applications.
Research Associate Professors
Luciano, J.—Ph.D. (Boston University); knowledge representation, semantic Web, semantic e-science, translational medicine, collaborative science, ontology evaluation, semantic and computational applications to health care and life science, bio-ontologies, computational medicine, computational biology, and systems biology.
Newberg, L.—Ph.D. (University of California, Berkeley); algorithmic, statistical, and mathematical combinatorics approaches to computational molecular biology; currently using cross-species DNA multiple alignments for phylogeny and the detection of conserved regions.
Anshelevich, E.—Ph.D. (Cornell University); theory and algorithms, especially for large decentralized networks. Strategic agents in networks and algorithmic game theory; approximation algorithms.
Das, S.—Ph.D. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology); machine learning; computational finance and economics; multi-agent systems; information retrieval and biomedical informatics.
Clinical Assistant Professor
Kotfila, D. A.—M.Div. (Yale University); advanced routing and switching protocols; network security.
Goldschmidt, D.G. —Ph.D. (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute); operating systems; network programming; software engineering; database systems; computer science education.
Flaherty, J.E.—Ph.D. (Polytechnic University of Brooklyn); scientific computation; adaptive and parallel solution techniques; numerical analysis.
Glinert, E.—Ph.D (University of Washington); assistive technology; universal access; human-computer interaction; multimedia information visualization.
McNaughton, R.—Ph.D. (Harvard University); automata theory, formal languages, combinatorics of words.
Musser, D.—Ph.D. (University of Wisconsin); programming methodology; generic software libraries; formal methods of specification and verification.
Rogers, E. H.—Ph.D. (Carnegie Mellon University); collaborative computing; group operating systems; modeling paradigm; software engineering.
Joint Appointments with Earth and Environmental Sciences—Professor
Fox, P.—Ph.D. (Monash University, AU); semantic Web, semantic e-science, data intensive science, virtual observatories, virtual organizations, data grids, high performance computing, visualization, collaborative science, sensor Web, environmental informatics, solar-terrestrial physics, solar variability.
Joint Appointments with Mathematical Sciences—Professors
Bennett, K.—Ph.D. (University of Wisconsin-Madison); mathematical programming, optimization, machine learning, data mining, support vector machines, and application of data mining to bioinformatics, cheminformatics, finance, science and engineering.
Isaacson, D.—Ph.D. (New York University); mathematical computational problems arising in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease and breast cancer in medical imaging and physics.
McLaughlin, H.W., II—Ph.D. (University of Maryland); applied geometry; computational geometry; complex systems.
Joint Appointments with Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering—Professors
Franklin, W.R.—Ph.D. (Harvard University); computational cartography; computational geometry; computer graphics; geographic information science; computer security.
Gerhardt, L.A.—Ph.D. (State University of New York at Buffalo); digital signal processing (voice and image processing); communication systems; brain computer interfacing; integrated inspection; personnel verification and identification using biometrics.
Wozny, M.J.—Ph.D. (University of Arizona); computer graphics; computer-aided geometric design; information systems in engineering design and manufacturing.
Joint Appointment with Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering—Professor
Shephard, M.—(Cornell University); scientific computation, mesh generation, adaptive and parallel finite element methods.
Joint Appointment with Cognitive Science—Professors
Bringsjord, S.—Ph.D. (Brown University); artificial intelligence, specifically including: logical, mathematical, and philosophical foundations of AI; AI and creativity; reasoning-based systems for homeland defense/intelligence analysis; automated reasoning; automatic story generation and narrative control; intelligent tutoring systems (for teaching logic and logic-based programming).
Gray, W.—Ph.D. (University of California – Berkeley); integrated cognitive systems, computational cognitive modeling, cognitive social science, cognitive engineering. Interested in basic and applied research that leads to understanding the interplay of natural interaction in routine human-human, human-machine, and human-information interactive behavior.
Joint Appointment with Science and Technology Studies – Professor
Eglash, R. – Ph.D. (University of California, Santa Cruz; HCI; Simulation of cultural designs; fractals and complexity; IT for STEM education.
Joint Appointment with Biology—Associate Professor
Bystroff, C.—Ph.D. (University of California, San Diego); genomics protein structural predicition.
* Departmental faculty listings are accurate as of the date generated for inclusion in this catalog. For the most up-to-date listing of faculty positions, including end-of-year promotions, please refer to the Faculty Roster section of this catalog, which is current as of the May 2012 Board of Trustees meeting.